THE FLAGS AND SEALS OF TEXAS
This landmark study by Charles A. Spain recounts the history of the Lone Star State’s visual identity. This work has been heavily relied up on flag scholars and government officials, including Dr. Robert Maberry’s Texas Flags. Originally published in the South Texas Law Review, Justice Spain updated his study in 2016, which is available for download at this link.
HANDBOOK OF TEXAS ENTRIES
Authored by Charles A. Spain, these entries in the Handbook of Texas—the definitive encyclopedia of Texas—provide quick reference to excellent summaries of the landmark study “Flags and Seals of Texas.”
HISTORIC TEXAS FLAGS
The Texas State Library and Archives has digitized its collection of 40 historic Texas flags and posted the images in an online exhibit together with explanatory text, including conservators’ reports that document the flag’s construction and preservation. Library and Archives officials say the earliest flags date from the Texas Revolution; most are from the Civil War era. You may visit the exhibit at the Library and Archives website.
TEXAS FLAG CODE
The Texas Legislature enacted the Texas Flag Code as Chapter 3100, Government Code. You may access the Flag Code online at the Texas Legislative Council website.
TEXAS STATE SEAL
The Texas Secretary of State issued a comprehensive pamphlet in 1993 that discusses the history of the Texas state seal. You may access the pamphlet online at the Secretary of State’s website.